How Hard Work, luck, and Risk played roles in the building of Microsoft.

“Nothing is as good or as bad as it seems.”


The story of how Lakeside School in the world had a computer is remarkable.

How Bill Gates went to one of the only high schools in the world that had a computer?

Bill Dougall was a world war 2 navy pilot turned high school math and science teacher.

“He believed that book study wasn’t enough without real-world experience. He also realized that we’d need to know something about computers when we got to college,” recalled late Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen.

In 1968 Dougall petitioned the Lakeside School Mothers Club to use proceeds from its annual rummage sale- about $3,000-to lease a teletype Model 30 computer hooked up to the General Electric mainframe terminal for computer time-sharing. “The whole idea of time-sharing only got invented in 1965,” Gates later said. “ someone was pretty forward-looking.”


Most university graduate schools did not have a computer anywhere near as advanced as Bill Gates has access to in eighth grade. And he couldn’t get enough of it. Gates was 13 years old in 1968 when he met classmate, Paul Allen. Allen was also obsessed with the school’s computer, and the two hit it off.

Lakeside’s computers weren’t part of its general curriculum. It was an independent study program. Bill and Paul could toy away with the thing at their leisure, letting their creativity run wild after school, late into the night, on weekends they quickly became computing experts.

During one of their late-night sessions, Allen recalled Gates showing him a Fortune magazine and saying, “what do you think it’s like to run a Fortune 500 company?” Allen said he had no idea.”Maybe we will have our own computer company someday,” Gates said. Microsoft is now worth more than a trillion dollars.

A little quick math.

In 1968 there were roughly 303 million high-school- age people in the world, according to the UN. About 18 million of them lived in Washington states.

About 270,000 of them lived in Washington state.

A little over 100,000 of them lived in the Seattle area.

And only 300 of them attended Lakeside School.

Start with 303 million, ending with 300.

One in a million high-school-age students attended the high school that had a combination of cash and foresight to buy a computer. Bill Gates happened to be one of them.

Gates is not Shy about what this meant. “If there had been no lakeside, there would have been no Microsoft,” He told the school’s graduating class in 2005.

Gates is staggeringly smart, even more hardworking, and as a teenager had a vision for computer for computers that even most seasoned computer executives couldn’t grasp. He also had one in a million head start by going to school at the lakeside.

Now let’s hear about Gates’ friend Kent Evans. He experienced an equally powerful dose of lucks close sibling risk. Bill and Paul Allen became household names thanks to Microsoft’s success. But back at Lakeside, there was a third member to this gang of high-school computer prodigies.


Kent Evans and Bill Gates became best friends in eighth grade. Evans was, by Gates’ own account, the best student in the class.

The two talked “on the phone ridiculous amounts”, Gates recalls in the documentary Inside Bill’s Brain.

“I still know Kent’s phone number,” he says. “525–7851”

Evans was as skilled with computers as Gates and Allen. Lakeside once struggled to manually put together the school’s class schedule- a maze of complexity to get hundreds of students the classes they need at times that don’t conflict with other courses. The school tasked Bill and Kent- children, by any measure- to build a computer program to solve the problem. It worked.

And unlike Paul Allen, kent shared Bill’s business mind and endless ambition.”Kent always had the big briefcase, like a lawyer’s briefcase, ” Gate recalls. “We were always scheming about what we’d be doing five or six years in the future. Should we go to be CEO’s ? What kind of impact could you have? Should we go be generals? Should we go be ambassadors?” Whatever it was, Bill and Kent knew they’d do it together.

After reminiscing on his friendship with Kent, Gates trails off.

“We would have kept working together. I’m sure we would have gone to college together”. kent could have been a founding partner of Microsoft with Gates and Allen.

But it would never happen. Kent died in a mountaineering accident before he graduated high school.

Every year there are around three dozen mountaineering deaths in the United States. The odds of being killed on a mountain in a high school are roughly one in a million.

Luck and risk are both realities that every outcome in life is guided by force other than individual effort. They are so similar that you can’t believe in one without equally respecting the other.

They both happen because the world is too complex to allow 100% of your actions to dictate 100% of your outcomes. They are driven by the same thing: You are one person in a game with seven billion other people and infinite moving parts. The accidental impact of actions outside of your control can be more consequential than the ones you consciously take.

Both are often too hard to measure, and hard to accept, that they too often are overlooked. for every Bill Gates, there is a Kent Evans who was just as skilled and driven but ended up on the other side of life roulette.

If you give luck and risk their proper respect, you realize that when judging people’s Startup success — Both your own and others- it is never as good or as bad as it seems.


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